The parts of glasses

24-04-16 18:10:09    By Bestsea eyewear

What are the parts of glasses?
Glasses, as an indispensable auxiliary tool in our daily life, can not only help us improve our vision, but also carry the expression of fashion and personality. However, when choosing spectacle frames, consumers often have extremely high requirements for the material, design and comfort of the frames. Today, let us start from a professional perspective and gain an in-depth understanding of every parts of eyeglass frames to help everyone understand more about eyeglasses and choose the most suitable eyeglass frame for you. This article mainly uses metal glasses as an example to explain the structure of eyeglass frames in detail.
Metal glasses frames are very popular among consumers for their unique durability and the excellent adjustable. The material is able to withstand the friction and pressure of everyday life, making it ideal for long-term wear. Moreover, metal glasses frames can be precisely adjusted to fit the shape of an individual's face, providing a more comfortable wearing experience.
 parts of metal glasses
The parts of glasses:rim
The front frame is also called the rim. The wrapping part around the lens, usually made of metal, is also called the rim. Generally, there are grooves engraved on the inside to fix the edge of the lens, and the outside is smooth or special stamped shape. In recent years, retro embossed patterns and surface coloring have become popular again. The material purity of the wire rim should be high to ensure the firmness of the welding. The size of the inner rim must be precise to ensure that the lens will not be deformed when installed.
From a structural point of view, the rims are the core part of the whole spectacle frame. It is used to fix the lenses and ensure the correct position and angle of the lenses so that the user can see the world clearly. The rims are not only the skeleton of glasses, but also the guardians of lenses. Through precision design, it firmly fixes the lens in place, ensuring the stability of the lens so that our vision will not be affected by the movement of the lens during wearing. At the same time, the existence of the rims also provide a support point for our face, allowing the glasses to sit firmly on the bridge of the nose and ears, thereby reducing the pressure and discomfort that may be caused by wearing them for a long time. Therefore, a suitable rim can not only protect the fragile lenses, but also improve the overall comfort of the glasses, allowing us to enjoy a comfortable wearing experience while pursuing clear vision.
The parts of glasses: top bar and bridge
The top bar and bridge are the upper parts to connect both rim. Its main function is to support the frame and provide a certain level of comfort. The bridge is under the top bar and is also the part that connects the left and right rim. Its main function is to increase the stability of the spectacle frame.
The top bar and bridge play a vital role. They are the backbone of the glasses and are responsible for maintaining the stability of the entire glasses, allowing them to stay securely on the wearer's face. The design and position of the top bar and bridge directly affect the weight distribution of the glasses, which in turn affects the pressure distribution on the face. If the top bar and bridge are designed properly, they can effectively disperse the weight of the glasses and reduce pressure on the bridge of the nose and ears, thereby improving wearing comfort. Therefore, whether you are choosing or designing glasses, you need to fully consider the importance of the top bar and bridge.
Glasses are not always double bridges. Most of them only have one bridge. It is the connecting piece between the left and right rim or between the lenses. It must be in the middle to maintain absolute symmetry on both sides, which has a great influence on the design of the glasses. It is also the part that bears more load when it is impacted by external forces. Most of them use hard and solid materials, and some use materials with very good resilience. In addition to the single bridge, there are also double-curved bridges designs, and A more advanced integrated retro design where the center bridge and nose pads are integrated.
The parts of glasses: end piece
The end piece is the connecting piece between the rim and the temple hinge. Together with the bridge, it has become an important part of the design. There are two types of end piece: separates and mono-block. They must have a certain hardness to ensure that the frame is not easily deformed. If two materials are connected, welding, rivets, etc. can be used to fix them, which requires precise manual skills and high-precision equipment.
The parts of glasses: pad arm
The part that connects the rim and the nose pads (also called pad arm because it looks like a pipe) is connected by precision welding and other processes; by bending this part, the torsional position of the frame relative to the face can be adjusted to make it easier to wear and more comfortable. It is generally made of metal, since it is a delicate part, it is not recommended to adjust it repeatedly as it may cause damage.
The parts of glasses: nose pad
Clamping the bridge of the nose from both sides to fix the glasses is also a position that has a great impact on the comfort of wearing glasses. Since this is the part of the spectacle frame that is in contact with the skin along with the temples and temple tips, most materials with good skin contact are used, such as silicone, PVC, pure titanium and other materials, and its appearance must conform to ergonomic design. Generally It has an arc shape to fit better on both sides of the bridge of the nose.
The parts of glasses: temple
The temples are the support points for the wearer's ears and nose bridge. They not only need to provide sufficient support, but also consider comfort. The temple tip is usually located on the end of the temple, which is in direct contact with the user's ears, so its material and design are crucial to improving wearing comfort. The temples of metal glasses are made of metal and can be adjusted according to the shape of the face, while the temples of acetate glasses are made of acetate, with a metal strip in the middle to increase toughness and make it easier to adjust.
The parts of glasses: temple tips
It’s the part of ear-hanging part at the back end of the temple. It is often invisible when covered by hair after wearing. It is a very important part. It can comfortably hang the glasses on the two ears. In addition, the adjustment of the temple tips will also have a great impact on the comfort of wearing, so careful adjustments must be made during the trial-fitting process of glasses. Generally speaking, there are solutions that use rubber materials covered with metal, or injection molded materials covered with metal, and there are also all-metal temple tips that create an elegant temperament and a high-end feel.
The parts of glasses: hinge
The hinge is located on the side of the front frame and is the key part connecting the front frame and temples. It adopts a precise metal structure, which not only ensures the sturdiness and durability of the frame, but also gives the temples good elasticity, allowing them to be opened and closed easily. In addition, the design of the hinge can also be adjusted according to the usage habits of different users, allowing the frame to adapt to various environments and meet the personalized needs of different users. Through the cooperation of the end piece and the hinge, the frame can be opened and closed flexibly, making it very convenient to put on or take off. This design not only improves the comfort of using the glasses, but also provides a strong guarantee for the aesthetics and practicality of the glasses. The hinges of metal glasses can generally be fixed on the temples and temples by welding, while acetate glasses are hinged by nails, and a long metal strip is usually connected to the back hinge and passes through the temples middle.
The parts of glasses: lenses
Lenses refer to transparent objects wrapped by frames and are one of the most important parts of glasses. It is generally made of transparent materials such as resin and other optical materials, and has one or more curved surfaces. There are many colors and functions of lenses, such as single color, gradient color, coating color, as well as UV protection,waterproof, grease-proofing, blue light protection and other functions of sunglasses.
The parts of glasses: printing
Printing can usually be seen on the inside of the temples and on the lenses. The printing on glasses contains a lot of information. For example, the UV protection logo is usually printed on the lenses, which tells us that the glasses can provide the necessary protection for our eyes from ultraviolet damage. Similarly, anti-reflective coating tips are conveyed by printing on the lenses. This mark means that the lenses have been specially treated to reduce light reflection and improve the visual comfort of the wearer. In addition to the printing on the lens, the printing on the temples also plays an important role. Brand logo is the most direct example. Through printing, we can clearly know which brand of glasses we are using. In addition, the style number will also be printed on the temples, making it easier for us to quickly find the style we like when buying glasses. In general, whether it is the lenses or the printing on the temples, they are conveying important information about glasses, helping us to better choose and use glasses.
The above is only an analysis of the components of glasses from the perspective of metal glasses, but the types and structures of glasses are complex and diverse, such as acetate glasses, plastic glasses, horn glasses and wood glasses made of natural materials, etc., as well as rimless glasses, half-rim glasses,nose pad free glasses, etc. Different types or structures glasses have different parts of glasses, but you can refer to the relevant parts of metal glasses parts in this article as a reference.
To sum up, every part of the glasses plays an indispensable role, they together make up the complex and precise structure of the glasses frame.

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